Urban districts: District 1, District 2, District
3, District 4, District 5, District 6, District 7, District 8, District 9,
District 10, District 11, District 12, Tan Binh, Binh Thanh, Phu Nhuan, Thu
Duc, Go Vap, Binh Tan,Tan Phu.
Rural districts: Nha Be, Can Gio, Hoc Mon, Cu Chi, Binh Chanh.
Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Khmer, Cham...
the core of the Mekong Delta, Ho Chi Minh City, formerly known as Saigon, is
second the most important in Vietnam after Hanoi. It is not only a
commercial center but also a scientific, technological, industrial and
tourist center. The city is bathed by many rivers, arroyos and canals, the
biggest river being the Saigon
River. The Port of Saigon,
established in 1862, is accessible to ships weighing up to 30,000 tons, a
rare advantage for an inland river port.
The climate is generally hot and humid. There
are two distinctive seasons: the rainy season, from May to November, and the
dry season, from December to April. The annual average temperature is 27ºC.
The hottest month is April and the lowest is December. It is warm all year
Many centuries ago, Saigon was already a busy commercial center. Merchants
from China, Japan and many European countries would sail upstream the Saigon
River to reach the islet of Pho, a trading center. In the year of 1874, Cho
Lon merged with Saigon, forming the largest city in the Indochina. It had
been many times celebrated as the Pearl of the Far East. After the
reunification of the country, the 6th National Assembly in its meeting of
the 2nd of July, 1976, has officially renamed Saigon, Ho Chi Minh City. The
history of city relates closely with the struggle for the independence and
freedom of Vietnam.
Today, Ho Chi Minh City is the big tourism center in Vietnam, attracting a
large of visitors to Vietnam (please check if you need
Vietnam visa or not).
Ho Chi Minh City has various attractions
as Ho Chi Minh Museum, formerly known as Dragon House Wharf, Cu Chi Tunnels,
system of museums, theatres, cultural houses... Recently, many tourist areas
are invested such as Thanh Da, Binh Quoi Village, Dam Sen Park, Saigon Water
Park, Suoi Tien,
Ky Hoa..., which draw numerous tourists.
Despite its quite recent past,
Ho Chi Minh City nevertheless possesses
various beautiful buildings, displaying a characteristic combination of
Vietnamese, Chinese and European cultures. These include Nha Rong (Dragon
House Wharf), Quoc To Temple (National Ancestors’ Temple), Xa Tay (Municipal
Office), Ho Chi Minh Municipal Theatre as well as many pagodas and churches
(Vinh Nghiem, Giac Vien, Giac Lam, Phung Son pagodas...). After more than
300 years of development, Ho Chi Minh City presents many ancient
architectural constructions, famous vestiges and renowned sights. It is
remarkable for its harmonious blending of traditional national values with
northern and western cultural features.
Chi Minh City is the main junction for trains, roads, water, and air
transportation systems for domestic trips and for foreign destination.
Roads: Ho Chi Minh City is 1,730km from Hanoi, 99km from Tay Ninh, 30km from
Bien Hoa (Dong Nai), 70km from My Tho, 125km from Vung Tau, 168km from Can
Tho, 308km from Dalat, and 375km from Buon Ma Thuot. The City has National
Highway 13 which connects Vietnam with the rest of Indochina.
Train: Thong Nhat express train connects Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi, vie
many provinces in Vietnam.
Air: Tan Son Nhat International Airport, 7km from center of city, is the
biggest airport with many domestic and international routes. There are
Hanoi and Danang to Ho Chi Minh City and between the City to
many regions as well a lot of countries on over the world.